Tag Archives: research

Missouri Hunger Atlas

New 2016 Edition Now Available

The Missouri Hunger Atlas – now in its 4th edition – visually engages readers to better understand hunger in Missouri. Through a series of indicator maps and tables, the Atlas details the extent of food insecurity in all 114 Missouri counties and the city of St. Louis. The Atlas also assesses the performance of a host of public and private programs intended to help people struggling with hunger.

Key features of the Missouri Hunger Atlas

  • County Tables for each county in Missouri (including the city of St. Louis) that measure rates of both food insecurity and program performance.
  • State Maps that graphically illustrate patterns of food insecurity and program performance across the state.
  • County Rankings, Comparisons, and Trends which rank counties based on need and performance measures, compare  county measures with state averages, and indicate the trend for particular measures over time.

Download the Atlas

The Missouri Hunger Atlas 2016 may be downloaded in whole or part for free.

Full Report with County Profiles

Report Introduction (without County Profiles) – includes background information, descriptions of indicators, state maps for many important indicators, county comparisons, and concluding remarks

Individual county profiles may be accessed by clicking on the county name included on the map or list below.

 

Adair County
Andrew County
Atchison County
Audrain County
Barry County
Barton County
Bates County
Benton County
Bollinger County
Boone County
Buchanan County
Butler County
Caldwell County
Callaway County
Camden County
Cape Girardeau County
Carroll County
Carter County
Cass County
Cedar County
Chariton County
Christian County
Clark County
Clay County
Clinton County
Cole County
Cooper County
Crawford County
Dade County
Dallas County
Daviess County
DeKalb County
Dent County
Douglas County
Dunklin County
Franklin County
Gasconade County
Gentry County
Greene County
Grundy County
Harrison County
Henry County
Hickory County
Holt County
Howard County
Howell County
Iron County
Jackson County
Jasper County
Jefferson County
Johnson County
Knox County
Laclede County
Lafayette County
Lawrence County
Lewis County
Lincoln County
Linn County
Livingston County
McDonald County
Macon County
Madison County
Maries County
Marion County
Mercer County
Miller County
Mississippi County
Moniteau County
Monroe County
Montgomery County
Morgan County
New Madrid County
Newton County
Nodaway County
Oregon County
Osage County
Ozark County
Pemiscot County
Perry County
Pettis County
Phelps County
Pike County
Platte County
Polk County
Pulaski County
Putnam County
Ralls County
Randolph County
Ray County
Reynolds County
Ripley County
St. Charles County
St. Clair County
St. Francois County
Ste. Genevieve County
St. Louis County
Saline County
Schuyler County
Scotland County
Scott County
Shannon County
Shelby County
Stoddard County
Stone County
Sullivan County
Taney County
Texas County
Vernon County
Warren County
Washington County
Wayne County
Webster County
Worth County
Wright County
St. Louis City

The Missouri Hunger Atlas 2016 is a publication of the Interdisciplinary Center for Food Security at the University of Missouri. Authors include Anne Cafer, Darren Chapman, Kathlee Freeman, and Sandy Rikoon. For more information contact Dr. Sandy Rikoon, RikoonSandy@missouri.edu, 573-882-0861.

Previous Editions of the Missouri Hunger Atlas

Missouri Hunger Atlas 2013 PDF
Missouri Hunger Atlas 2010 PDF
Kansas City Hunger Atlas 2010 PDF
Saint Louis Hunger Atlas 2010 PDF
Missouri Hunger Atlas 2008 PDF

Related

A Hungrier Missouri: Hunger Atlas shows food insecurity continues to worsen (CAFNR News, 2013)
Food Insecurity Continues to Grow, MU Researchers Find (MU News Bureau, 2013)
Missouri’s hunger rates on the rise, atlas provides comprehensive data on the problem (KBIA, 2013)

Summer Field Research Begins

The start of summer 2013 marks the third year in which Interdisciplinary Center for Food Security faculty and staff have gone to the field to hear the voices of people using food pantries in central and northeast Missouri. This large research project will gather data from approximately 1200 food pantry clients in 32 counties through in-depth personal interviews. The data will be used to look at a variety of challenges faced by households. The ultimate goals are to help people lead healthy and productive lives and give policy makers, agency professionals, and service providers information to develop and deliver solutions to deal with hunger and food insecurity.

More information about the research can be found on the Missouri Food Pantry Client Research page of our website.

Food Insecurity Research Symposium: Speaker and Participant Biographies

October 17-19, 2012
University of Missouri

Patricia Allen is chair of the Department of Food Systems and Society at Marylhurst University. Until 2012, she was director of the Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems at the University of California, Santa Cruz, where she created a research and education program in social issues in sustainable food systems. Her work has focused on the social construction of society and environment; gender, race, and class in the food system; localism; food security; and discourse, social movements, and alternative imaginaries of food cultures. Her edited volume, Food for the Future: Conditions and Contradictions of Sustainability, published in 1993, is one of the first books to call attention to social justice in sustainable food systems.

Matt Foulkes is associate professor of geography at the University of Missouri. Foulkes’ interests include migration patterns and behaviors of the rural poor, ethnographic approaches to population geography, the geography of food insecurity, affordable housing and manufactured housing communities, and environmental knowledge transfer in the exurbs. His recent research projects have included an analysis of large scale Hispanic migration in the U.S., poverty migration in Illinois, and studies of highly mobile, poor, rural communities

Darcy Freedman is an assistant professor and centenary faculty in Social Disparities in Built Community Environments at the University of South Carolina, College of Social Work. She is affiliate faculty with the Women’s and Gender Studies Department; Institute for Families in Society, Research Consortium for Children and Families; and the Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities. Freedman’s research is focused on understanding and redressing health disparities and promoting health equity through efforts aimed at improving access to healthful foods. Much of her research uses a community-based and participatory approach to address food (in)access and resulting health and social injustices.

Heather Hartline-Grafton is the senior nutrition policy analyst at the Food Research and Action Center (FRAC), the leading national nonprofit organization working to improve public policies and public-private partnerships to eradicate hunger and undernutrition in the United States. Heather’s work primarily focuses on obesity and health among low-income and food insecure children and families, with emphasis on the federal nutrition programs. She also is actively involved in FRAC’s ongoing research on food hardship and fruit and vegetable access. Heather has a rich background in nutrition policy research, obesity prevention, and healthy eating strategies, including her prior work at the American Cancer Society, Mathematica Policy Research, and Tulane University.

Colleen Heflin is associate professor in the Truman School of Public Affairs at the University of Missouri. Heflin’s research centers on understanding the causes and consequences of material hardship. In particular, her research focuses on understanding the survival strategies employed by low-income households to make ends meet, the implications of using these strategies for individual and household well-being, and how public policies influence well-being.

Mary Hendrickson is an associate professor in the Department of Rural Sociology at the University of Missouri. She has spent more than a decade helping farmers find alternative markets and supporting communities in developing local food systems. Her research and extension activities have focused on placing local food system development in the context of the changing structure of the global food system where farmers, eaters, and communities can create profitable alternatives. She has served as president of the Agriculture, Food and Human Values Society (2006-2007) and as president of the Community Food Security Coalition (2001-2003).

Joan Hermsen is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Missouri. Her research focuses primarily on gender inequality in the labor market. In particular, recent research topics include differences in work-related travel, the use of flextime, occupational gender segregation, the gender wage gap, and the glass ceiling. Joan also co-directs a study on sexual assault and is chair of the Department of Women’s and Gender Studies, University of Missouri.

David Holben has been a registered dietitian for 26 years. Currently, Holben is professor of nutrition at Ohio University, Athens, Ohio. Building upon a clinical nutrition and basic science background, his research focuses on food insecurity and health outcomes of individuals in North America. Of particular interest to him is exploring the relationship of diabetes, obesity, and other conditions to food access across the lifespan, as well as optimizing solutions for food access and security to promote health and wellness.

Michelle Kaiser is an assistant professor in the College of Social Work at Ohio State University. Her research is rooted in social and environmental justice. She is particularly interested in health and food access disparities and researching ways that communities can ensure a safe, affordable, and healthy food supply for all residents. She is a former research assistant with the University of Missouri Interdisciplinary Center for Food Security and the Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems. She is a member of the OSU Food Innovation Center and a co-investigator for their Food Security Initiative.

Beth Low is the current and first director of the Greater Kansas City Food Policy Coalition and vice president of Policy & Advocacy for Kansas City Healthy Kids (GKCFPC). Since her joining the Coalition in January 2010, she has been responsible for leading the group in regional food system activities and advancing its policy agenda. She works closely with community leaders, political officials and many other organizations to improve the food system of the Kansas City metro area. Prior to taking over the GKCFPC, Low served three terms as a Missouri state representative (Jan. 2005 – Jan. 2011). Low earned a bachelor’s degree in interdisciplinary studies at the University of Missouri.

Kara Lubischer has worked for the last five years for University of Missouri Extension as a community development specialist in St. Louis. Kara develops community partnership initiatives that link University resources with the needs and priorities of communities by working on issues of food deserts/grocery gaps, capacity building, and leadership development. Kara currently co-coordinates the St. Louis Healthy Corner Store Project, a comprehensive program that combines nutrition education, small business management, neighborhood leadership and greater availability of affordable, healthy food by working with neighborhood corner stores.

Robert Ojeda is the director of the Community Food Resource Center at the Community Food Bank of Southern Arizona. He is responsible for overseeing the programs dealing with education and advocacy around food security issues for the Food Bank. Robert also teaches community organizing and community development workshops, and more recently, a Leadership and Civic Participation for Social Change course at the University of Arizona. The participants in these workshops are largely educators, non-profit, university, and union leaders from all over Latin America. He also trains public health undergraduate students, as well as community leaders involved in food security, food sovereignty, and public health work in Arizona.

Adam N. Rabinowitz is a Ph.D. candidate in Agricultural and Resource Economics at the University of Connecticut. He teaches food policy and conducts research on policy issues including milk pricing, geographic food access, and marketing to children. He earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees in economics from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas in 1999 and 2002, respectively. Since 2002, he also has worked as the primary research assistant in the Zwick Center for Food and Resource Policy (formerly called the Food Marketing Policy Center).

Nikki Raedeke is teaching assistant professor in Nutrition and Exercise Physiology at the University of Missouri. Raedeke’s research interests focus on nutritional needs and food security among low-income adults. She directs the Coordinated Program in Dietetics and is active with the Missouri Dietetic Association and its central Missouri Chapter.

LaDonna Redmond is senior program associate with the Food and Justice Program at the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP). She is a long-time community activist who has successfully worked to get Chicago Public Schools to evaluate junk food, launched urban agriculture projects, started a community grocery store and worked on federal farm policy to expand access to healthy food in low-income communities. Redmond is a frequently invited speaker and occasional radio host. In 2009, Redmond was one of 25 citizen and business leaders named a Responsibility Pioneer by Time Magazine. LaDonna was also a 2003-2005 IATP Food and Society Fellow and, in 2007, she received a Green For All Fellowship.

Sandy Rikoon is Curators Distinguished Professor of Rural Sociology and director of the Inter­dis­cip­linary Center for Food Security (ICFS) at the University of Missouri. He also serves as associate dean for Research and Graduate Studies for the College of Human Environmental Sciences. Rikoon led the effort to establish the ICFS in 2004 as the first center of its kind nationally to combine research, training, and outreach. His research interests include environmental sociology, political ecology, food security, and ethnicity. He has been involved in sustainable agriculture outreach and education activities, as well.

Chery Smith is associate professor in Food Science and Nutrition at the University of Minnesota. Her research focuses on how environment, age, socioeconomic status, culture, and food insecurity influence the nutritional status, dietary behavior, and health of selected populations (African American, Hmong, Native Americans, homeless individuals, and veterans) in the U.S. and Nepal. She is particularly interested in the hunger-obesity paradox in the U.S. Further, using a food systems approach, she has been investigating food access by Minnesotans, particularly those living in food deserts (places with limited food resources).

Michele (Shelly) Ver Ploeg is an economist with the Food Assistance Branch of the Food Economics Division of the USDA. Her research focuses on obesity and food assistance program participation and on the well-being and health outcomes of children participating in the WIC program. She recently led a Congressionally-mandated study on access to affordable and nutritious foods and is considered one of the national experts on food deserts. Prior to joining USDA, she was a study director for the Committee on National Statistics at The National Academies. In this role, she directed studies on estimating eligibility and participation in the WIC Program, data and methods for evaluating welfare reform, and a review of the Department of Health and Human Services’ Collection of Race and Ethnicity Data.

Bruce A. Weber is professor of agricultural and resource economics, extension economist, and director of the Rural Studies Program at Oregon State University. He served as co-director of the RUPRI Rural Poverty Research Center from 2002-2005 and now serves in the Rural Human Services Research Panel. His current Extension programs deal with rural policy and the economic and social conditions in rural communities. Weber is a Fellow of the American Agricultural Economics Association, Distinguished Scholar in the Western Agricultural Economics Association, and Senior Research Affiliate for the National Poverty Center.

Parke Wilde is a food economist at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University. Previously, he worked for USDA’s Economic Research Service. At Tufts, Parke teaches graduate-level courses in statistics and U.S. food policy. His research addresses food security and hunger measurement, the economics of food assistance programs, and federal dietary guidance policy. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine’s Food Forum and a member of the research committee advising AGree, a national food policy initiative. Parke has a book forthcoming from Routledge/Earthscan in March 2013, titled Food Policy in the United States: An Introduction.

The symposium was funded by Mizzou Advantage and the Chancellor’s Fund for Excellence.

The symposium agenda and speakers’ presentations can be found here.

Food Insecurity Research Symposium: Agenda and Presentations

October 17-19, 2012
University of Missouri

Wednesday, October 17

Keynote Presentation: Patricia Allen, Marylhurst University and University of California, Serving food justice: articulating analysis and action

[Suggested Citation: Allen, P. (October 2012). Serving food justice: articulating analysis and action. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Thursday, October 18

Panel I – Means: Research using variables related to food access, availability, distribution, and affordability affecting food insecurity.

Adam Rabinowitz, University of Connecticut, Community Food Security in Connecticut: A Town Level Assessment

[Suggested Citation: Rabinowitz, A. (October 2012). Community Food Security in Connecticut: A Town Level Assessment. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Michele Ver Ploeg, U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Measures of Food Access: Which Measures and What Do They Tell Us?

[Suggested Citation: Ver Ploeg, M. (October 2012). National Measures of Food Access: Which Measures and What Do They Tell Us? Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Bruce Weber, Oregon State University, Understanding Food Insecurity at the State and Local Level

[Suggested Citation: Weber, B., Edwards, M., and Wall, C. (October 2012). Understanding Food Insecurity at the State and Local Level. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Panel II – Outcomes: Research using variables related to physical and mental health, economic costs, educational attainment, and other social, economic, and physical consequences of food insecurity.

Darcy Freedman, University of South Carolina, Community, Economic, and Health Development Outcomes Related to Food Security

[Suggested Citation: Freedman, D. (October 2012). Community, Economic, and Health Development Outcomes Related to Food Security. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

David Holben, Ohio University, Food Insecurity and Health Related Outcomes

[Suggested Citation: Holben, D. (October 2012). Food Insecurity and Health Related Outcomes. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Chery Smith, University of Minnesota, Physical and Mental Health Consequences of Food Insecurity

[Suggested Citation: Smith, C. (October 2012). Physical and Mental Health Consequences of Food Insecurity. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Panel III – Program and Policy Context: Research related to how data is used in the creation, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of impacts of public and private sector policies/programs related to food insecurity

Heather Hartline-Grafton, Food Research and Action Center, Anti-Hunger Advocacy and Food Insecurity Research

[Suggested Citation: Hartline-Grafton, H. (October 2012). Anti-Hunger Advocacy and Food Insecurity Research. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Beth Low, Kansas City Healthy Kids and KC Food Policy Council

Parke Wilde, Tufts University, Program and Policy Context – Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies

[Working version. Not for citation. Please see the forthcoming book, Food Policy in the United States, an Introduction.]

Panel IV – Using Data in Public Programs: Community and agency leaders talk about how data is used, what data is missing, and what tools may be helpful in communities working to address food security disparities. 

Kara Lubischer, St. Louis Healthy Corner Store Initiative, University of Missouri Extension, Meet me in St. Louis (County?)

[Suggested Citation: Lubischer, K. (October 2012). Meet me in St. Louis (County?). Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Robert Ojeda, Community Food Resource Center, Community Food Bank of Southern Arizona, Using Data in Public Programs

[Suggested Citation: Ojeda, R. (October 2012). Using Data in Public Programs. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

LaDonna Redmond, Food and Justice Program, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, Food Insecurity to Food Justice: Cultivating an agenda for change

[Suggested Citation: Redmond, L. (October 2012). Food Insecurity to Food Justice: Cultivating an agenda for change. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

Keynote Presentation: David Holben, Ohio University, Food Insecurity and Health Outcomes…Does Food Access Really Make a Difference?

[Suggested Citation: Holben, D. (October 2012). Food Insecurity and Health Related Outcomes…Does Food Access Really Make a Difference?. Invited presentation at the University of Missouri Symposium, Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies, Columbia, MO.]

The symposium was funded by Mizzou Advantage and the Chancellor’s Fund for Excellence.

Speaker biographies can be found here.

Compositional Change, Material Hardships, and Coping Strategies: A Comparison of Rural Missouri Food Pantry Users: 2005 to 2010

The recent economic downturn has witnessed a substantial growth in the population that is food insecure. Yet, little is known about how changing economic conditions may have affected the composition, hardships, and coping strategies of the population at risk for food insecurity.  This project investigates the impact of the current recession on food pantry users in rural Missouri using data from Wave I (2005) and Wave II (2010) of the Missouri Food Pantry Client Survey.

The aims of the study are to:

  • Document how the composition of food pantry users has changed in rural Missouri.
  • Compare the extent of material hardships and food tradeoffs made by food pantry users in 2010 as compared to 2005.
  • Determine if the types of coping strategies deployed to meet hunger needs (use of local institutions and social networks) have changed over the last five years.
  • Analyze how participation in federal programs has changed among food pantry clients between 2005 and 2010.
  • Decompose observed temporal differences in the key outcomes into the portion due to changes in endowments and the portion due to changes in coefficients (and their interaction).

Publications

Food Tradeoffs among Food Pantry Clients in Missouri, 2005 & 2010 PDF
University of Missouri Interdisciplinary Center for Food Security with project support from the University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research
Joan Hermsen and Sandy Rikoon

Food Insecurity Research Symposium: Assessing Disparities, Consequences, and Policies

October 17-19, 2012
University of Missouri Campus, Columbia
Memorial Union

Hunger in America, and its causes, consequences and possible solutions, was the topic of Food Insecurity: Assessing Disparities, Consequences and Policies. Researchers from institutions across the country, including Tufts University, Oregon State University, and the universities of Ohio, Connecticut, South Carolina, Minnesota, and Missouri, met with staff from the USDA, the Food Research and Action Center, and community-based initiatives to discuss a variety of issues.

Conversations centered on:

  • Obstacles to food availability, distribution and affordability.
  • Physical and mental health impacts of food insecurity.
  • Societal and economic consequences of food insecurity.
  • The effectiveness of governmental programs.
  • The role of communities in setting research agendas.
  • Translating research for a variety of audiences.

Patricia Allen, chair of the Department of Food Systems and Society, Marylhurst University, and David Holben, acting associate dean of the College of Health Sciences and Professions, Ohio University, were keynote speakers. Other researchers and practitioners participated in panel presentations and discussions.

The symposium was funded by Mizzou Advantage and the Chancellor’s Fund for Excellence.

The symposium agenda and presentations can be viewed here. Speaker and participant biographies can be viewed here.

For more information, contact Sandy Rikoon.

 Related

Setting the Table for Food Security by Mike Burden, CAFNR Communications, University of Missouri.